A tradition passed down from generation to generation since ancient Greece, in a land that was defined precisely as THE LAND OF WINE – ENOTRIA!

Wine in Calabria

With around 10,000 hectares of vineyards, Calabria is the fifteenth Italian region for vineyard area. After years of stagnation, the Calabrian wine sector is getting back on track, with new ideas about the quality of products. This is thanks to the use of modern marketing and communication tools and the enhancement of the rich heritage of native grape varieties. The generational turnover at the helm of companies has also given new impetus to the sector.


A Culture Dating Back to Ancient Greece

This despite the fact that the ancient Greeks knew Calabria as Enotria, the “Land of Wine.” The first documents on viticulture in the region date back to around the year 1000, a sign that even then this activity played a primary role in the Calabrian economy, along with fishing and trade. At the end of the 19th century, there was a collapse due to attacks by phylloxera, which led to the abandonment of vineyard areas. Consequently, vineyards are mostly located on hills (50%) or mountains (42%). The total annual wine production is about 368,000 hectoliters, with PDO wines representing 43%, and PGI wines 34.6%. Production mainly focuses on red and rosé wines (75%), while white wines represent 25% of production.

Calabrian Grape Varieties

In Calabria, mainly black grape varieties are cultivated, among which the most famous and widely grown is Gaglioppo, followed by Magliocco canino, Nerello Mascalese, Nerello Cappuccio, and Greco Nero. Calabrese (Nero d’Avola) is also one of the most cultivated grape varieties in the region. Black grape varieties represent about 80% of the total production. Calabrian white grape varieties include Greco Bianco, Trebbiano Toscano, Montonico, and Guernaccia.

Flavors to Discover

Regarding Denominations of Origin for wine, in Calabria there are 10 DOC and 10 IGT. In the province of Cosenza, we find the areas of Pollino and Verbicaro, once autonomous DOCs and now included in the Terre di Cosenza DOC. Further south, in the province of Crotone, we find the areas of Cirò (Cirò DOC), Savuto (Savuto DOC), and Val di Neto (Val di Neto IGT). In these areas, characterized by important red wines, the aforementioned Gaglioppo stands out among the native grape varieties. In the far south, in the area of Reggio di Calabria, we find the Greco di Bianco DOC, a well-known dessert wine, and the Costa Viola IGT. In Calabria, there are 12 PDOs and PGIs for agri-food products. Among them are three PDO Extra Virgin Olive Oils, the essential oil of Bergamot from Reggio Calabria PDO, and among cured meats, the Soppressata di Calabria PDO.

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